No. 295  NAI DFA Secretary's Files P12/3

Personal code telegram from William Warnock to Joseph P. Walshe (Dublin)
(No. 52, Part II)

BERLIN, 13 July 1943

Press has no comment to make regarding Sicily.1 It looks as if action started by Germans near Kursk had originally only local objective.2 Russians however have thrown in large forces and anything may happen. Nobody in Berlin expected German offensive.

Fall in U-boat sinkings disappointing though it is confidently hoped to find means of combating improved British defences. The severity of recent air raids in the West make civilian population here apprehensive as they fear it will be Berlin's turn in the autumn. Phosphorus bombs used by British nearly as bad as gas and cause appalling injuries. A spot of burning phosphorus can maim or disfigure person for life. Hundreds have been literally burnt alive.

1 Operation Husky, the Allied invasion of Sicily, commenced on 10 July 1943.

2 The Battle of Kursk (12 July 1943) was in fact a decisive turning point against Germany in the war in Russia as the initiative passed to the Red Army.

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